Reviewed in the United States on September 11, 2013. King's struggle continued throughout the 1960s. There were a few sections that were duplicative, but overall I thought it was an excellent, absorbing read. This book is excellent. King encouraged students to continue to use nonviolent methods during their protests. Over the years, extensive archival studies have led to a more balanced and comprehensive assessment of his life, portraying him as a complex figure: flawed, fallible and limited in his control over the mass movements with which he was associated, yet a visionary leader who was deeply committed to achieving social justice through nonviolent means. Christopher Hitchens). As the bus traveled its route, all the seats in the white section filled up, then several more white passengers boarded the bus. FACT CARD. Audio, Cassette, Abridged, Audiobook, Unabridged, Historical India & South Asia Biographies, Warner Books; Illustrated edition (January 1, 2001), Reviewed in the United States on March 12, 2015. This book is a very good read and so easy to digest and understand. King recalls a nurturing family life—closely interwoven with activities in his father’s church—which conditioned him to be optimistic about human nature. He thrived in all his studies, and was valedictorian of his class in 1951, and elected student body president. In the 1970s, FBI files, released under the Freedom of Information Act, revealed that he was under government surveillance, and suggested his involvement in adulterous relationships and communist influences. But I want you to know tonight that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.". Please try your request again later. On March 25, the number of marchers, which had grown to an estimated 25,000, gathered in front of the state capitol where King delivered a televised speech. These nonfiction books include biographies about Martin Luther King Jr., an autobiography from his widow, and reflections on Dr. King’s essays. But he was also new to the community and had few enemies, so it was felt he would have strong credibility with the Black community. Martin Luther King Jr Biography Martin Luther King Jr. was a prominent leader of civil rights movement in US. I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World He too became a successful minister and adopted the name Martin Luther King Sr. in honor of the German Protestant religious leader Martin Luther. Very good book. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The King children grew up in a secure and loving environment. His life and work have been honored with a national holiday, schools and public buildings named after him, and a memorial on Independence Mall in Washington, D.C. Martin's revelations are timeless. I became fascinated by Martin Luther King after visiting his memorial in Washington DC and standing on the spot where he did his famous speech to the nation. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr: Chapter 8: The Violence of Desperate Men. When a mostly white jury acquitted the police officers who were caught on video beating Rodney King, it set off the L.A. riots of 1992. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr.; Chapter 1: Early Years Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. We strive for accuracy and fairness. On March 9, 1965, a procession of 2,500 marchers, both Black and white, set out once again to cross the Pettus Bridge and confronted barricades and state troopers. Among his many efforts, King headed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He felt that America's involvement in Vietnam was politically untenable and the government's conduct in the war discriminatory to the poor. Abolitionist Martin Robison Delany was both a physician and newspaper editor and became one of the most influential and successful anti-slavery activists of the 19th century. Five months after the historic peaceful protest, President Johnson signed the 1965 Voting Rights Act. I am pretty stanchly anti-organized religion because of my perceptions about folks not living their beliefs at all times (which is a really, really tall order, I realize), but this book brought me back to questions my personal opinions, prejudices, and beliefs about religion and the practice thereof. Took Inspiration From Gandhi Nonviolence. But that's just me. On April 3, he gave his final and what proved to be an eerily prophetic speech, “I’ve Been to the Mountaintop,” in which he told supporters at the Mason Temple in Memphis, "I've seen the promised land. He completed his Ph.D. and earned his degree in 1955. What an amazing story. I also knew little about the kind of Christianity he professed, and had heard some people scandalously say that King was in no real way a Christian (i.e. A very enjoyable and educational read about a very strong willed and passionate man for freedom of all people through peaceful protest. Along the way of life, someone must have sense enough and morality enough to cut off the chain of hate and evil. Through his activism and inspirational speeches, he played a pivotal role in ending the legal segregation of African American citizens in the United States, as well as the creation of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. But Rustin was also a controversial figure at the time, being a homosexual with alleged ties to the Communist Party. Martin Luther King Jr. - Mini Biography TV-14 4:40 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is widely considered the most influential leader of the American civil rights movement. But his life remains controversial as well. There was an error retrieving your Wish Lists. You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. READ MORE: The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. King's life had a seismic impact on race relations in the United States. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. gives an unprecedented insight into the man, not just as a community leader,but as a community member, a philosopher, a husband, and a father. Southern Christian Leadership Conference. During the work on his doctorate, King met Coretta Scott, an aspiring singer and musician at the New England Conservatory school in Boston. The bus boycott involved 382 days of walking to work, harassment, violence, and intimidation for Montgomery's African American community. A Testament of Hope: The Essential Writings and Speeches, I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World, Special 75th Anniversary Edition (Martin Luther King, Jr., born January 15, 1929), Mohandas K. Gandhi, Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth, Martin Luther King, Jr.: A Life (Penguin Lives Biographies), Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Stride Toward Freedom: The Montgomery Story (King Legacy), The Autobiography of Malcolm X: As Told to Alex Haley, Long Walk to Freedom: The Autobiography of Nelson Mandela, Dr. Carson was born in Buffalo, New York. The Washington Post needs a copy of this book. With entire families in attendance, city police turned dogs and fire hoses on demonstrators. He also earned a fellowship for graduate study. Please try again. Martin Sr. came from a family of sharecroppers in a poor farming community. Martin Luther King, Jr.'s autobiography is the story of one of the great social and political figures of the twentieth century. But King also rebelled against his father’s more conservative influence by drinking beer and playing pool while at college. For many years we have shown an amazing patience. Discussions on the concepts of power and love and nonviolence and violence were exceptional. His strong belief in nonviolent protest helped set the tone of the movement. DOWNLOAD BIOGRAPHY'S MARTIN LUTHER KING JR. He married Alberta in 1926 after an eight-year courtship. On March 2, 1955, a 15-year-old girl refused to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery city bus in violation of local law. He returned to Atlanta to become co-pastor with his father at Ebenezer Baptist Church but also continued his civil rights efforts. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on October 29, 2018. On August 28, 1963, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. spoke the words: “I have a dream.” The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr: Chapter 14: The Sit-In Movement. He had grown tired of marches, going to jail, and living under the constant threat of death. They would help conduct non-violent protests to promote civil rights reform. We have sometimes given our white brothers the feeling that we liked the way we were being treated. Coretta Scott King was an American civil rights activist and the wife of civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther was a German monk who forever changed Christianity when he nailed his '95 Theses' to a church door in 1517, sparking the Protestant Reformation. Martin Luther King Jr.(born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptistminister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movementfrom 1955 until his assassinationin 1968. He became involved with a white woman and went through a difficult time before he could break off the affair. He was becoming discouraged at the slow progress of civil rights in America and the increasing criticism from other African American leaders. In the spring of 1968, a labor strike by Memphis sanitation workers drew King to one last crusade. In his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail, King eloquently spelled out his theory of non-violence: "Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community, which has constantly refused to negotiate, is forced to confront the issue.". After being defeated in several lower court rulings and suffering large financial losses, the city of Montgomery lifted the law mandating segregated public transportation. In April 1960, the SCLC held a conference at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina with local sit-in leaders. Buy The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr New Ed by Martin Luther King Jr (ISBN: 0787721865148) from Amazon's Book Store. Please try again. By August of 1960, the sit-ins had been successful in ending segregation at lunch counters in 27 southern cities. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Reviewed in the United Kingdom on April 21, 2020, Thoroughly enjoyed the read. READ MORE: How Martin Luther King Jr. Not wanting to alienate southern judges by violating the restraining order, a different approach was taken. Many people in cities not experiencing racial tension began to question the nation's Jim Crow laws and the near-century of second-class treatment of African American citizens. To calculate the overall star rating and percentage breakdown by star, we don’t use a simple average. Rustin served as King's mentor and advisor throughout his early activism and was the main organizer of the 1963 March on Washington. King was jailed along with large numbers of his supporters, but the event drew nationwide attention. Boycotts, protests, and marches were eventually effective, and much legislation was passed against racial discrimination. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. To me, the book really delivered toward the end. In 1954, while still working on his dissertation, King became pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church of Montgomery, Alabama. Written as though King himself had chosen every word, this gives much needed insight into key phases of King's life, the Civil Rights struggle and his tremendous speeches. Passed it onto my teenage son who is equally fascinated. In May 1941, King was 12 years old when his grandmother, Jennie, died of a heart attack. The organization felt the best place to start to give African Americans a voice was to enfranchise them in the voting process. This "autobiography" left me hungry for the real story. Although his family was deeply involved in the church and worship, King questioned religion in general and felt uncomfortable with overly emotional displays of religious worship. At her trial a week later, in a 30-minute hearing, Parks was found guilty and fined $10 and assessed $4 court fee. She sat in the first row of the "colored" section in the middle of the bus. Born as Michael King Jr. on January 15, 1929, Martin Luther King Jr. was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Andrew Young Jr. was an activist for the civil rights movement alongside Martin Luther King Jr. But the African American community also took legal action against the city ordinance arguing that it was unconstitutional based on the Supreme Court's "separate is never equal" decision in Brown v. Board of Education. He continues to be remembered as one of the most influential and inspirational African American leaders in history. King attended Booker T. Washington High School, where he was said to be a precocious student. The driver asked her again to give up her seat and again she refused. Apparently this writer was commissioned by MLK's family to write an account of his life, based on his writings and their remembrances. Something went wrong. The shooter, a malcontent drifter and former convict named James Earl Ray, was eventually apprehended after a two-month, international manhunt. His wife, Susan Ann Carson, is managing editor of the. He took over the small, struggling Ebenezer Baptist church with around 13 members and made it into a forceful congregation. King was not in the march, however, the attack was televised showing horrifying images of marchers being bloodied and severely injured. Please try again. Incredibly informative and captivating too. During his last year in seminary, King came under the guidance of Morehouse College President Benjamin E. Mays who influenced King’s spiritual development. Your recently viewed items and featured recommendations, Select the department you want to search in. Martin Luther King Jr. Day was first celebrated in 1986, and in all 50 states in 2000. Martin's honesty and quest for justice rings throughout. When he went to one of the boys' house, their mother met him at the front door and told him in a rude tone tha… Maybe that's okay for some, but I say this is a biography, mostly of his adult activist life, and it contains none of the critical analysis that's in David Garrow's Bearing the Cross. The life of Martin Luther King Jr. Any number of historic moments in the civil-rights struggle have been used to identify Martin Luther King, Jr. — prime mover of the Montgomery bus boycott, keynote speaker at the March on Washington, youngest Nobel Peace Prize laureate. But soon after, King was imprisoned for violating his probation on a traffic conviction. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. (Jan. 15, 1929–April 4, 1968) was the charismatic leader of the U.S. civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s. Martin Luther King Jr., who was born in Atlanta at the beginning of the Great Depression, came across segregation and prejudice firsthand. The next day, while standing on a balcony outside his room at the Lorraine Motel, Martin Luther King Jr. was killed by a sniper's bullet. Teenager Claudette Colvin was then arrested and taken to jail. Reviewed in the United States on March 20, 2016. The newlyweds moved to A.D.'s home in Atlanta. It was here that King made his famous "I Have a Dream" speech, emphasizing his belief that someday all men could be brothers, "I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character." He died in prison on April 23, 1998. I also really appreciated Martin's digging down to the root cause of black thought in relation to America - why, for example, many young black people leaned toward violence as a method to gain freedom and respect. READ MORE: Martin Luther King Jr. and Martin Luther: The Parallels Between the Two Leaders. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Quotes Showing 1-30 of 138 “A man who won't die for something is not fit to live.” ― Martin Luther King Jr., The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. Growing up in Atlanta, Georgia, King entered public school at age five. Martin Jr.'s grandfather, A.D. Williams, was a rural minister for years and then moved to Atlanta in 1893. Extremely engaging and very well compiled. In the fall of his senior year, he told his father of his decision. However, King was personally criticized by Black and white clergy alike for taking risks and endangering the children who attended the demonstration. To address this criticism, King began making a link between discrimination and poverty, and he began to speak out against the Vietnam War. That evening, 42-year-old Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus to go home after an exhausting day at work. free summary of the autobiography of Martin Luther King Martin Luther King, Jr. (born Michael King, Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American pastor, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Martin Sr. fought against racial prejudice, not just because his race suffered, but because he considered racism and segregation to be an affront to God's will. The one highlight for me was reading Dr. King's Letter from a Birmingham Jail. Martin Luther King, Jr. was a well-known civil rights activist who had a great deal of influence on American society in the 1950s and 1960s. I may not get there with you. As a black man who has directly benefited from the Civil Rights Movement I feel a personal responsibility to advance the work of Dr. King. For Martin the civil rights movement began one summer in 1935 when he was six years old. The Rev. Though his counsel was invaluable to King, many of his other supporters urged him to distance himself from Rustin. Realizing the incident would hurt the city's reputation, Atlanta's mayor negotiated a truce and charges were eventually dropped. The rising tide of civil rights agitation produced a strong effect on public opinion. Behind the Dream: The Making of the Speech that Transformed a Nation by Clarence B. Jones and Stuart Connelly. Unable to add item to List. The assassination sparked riots and demonstrations in more than 100 cities across the country. On March 7, 1965, a civil rights march, planned from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama's capital, turned violent as police with nightsticks and tear gas met the demonstrators as they tried to cross the Edmund Pettus Bridge. Title: Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. By: Martin Luther King Jr, Clayborne Carson Format: Paperback Number of Pages: 416 Vendor: Warner Publication Date: 2001 Dimensions: 9.1 X 6.11 X 1.12 (inches) Weight: 1 pound 1 ounce ISBN: 0446676500 ISBN-13: 9780446676502 Stock No: WW676502 The Autobiography of Martin Luther King, Jr. by Martin Luther King Jr., Clayborne Carson Book Review. The movement quickly gained traction in several other cities. Page 242 and 294 Instead, our system considers things like how recent a review is and if the reviewer bought the item on Amazon. I really recommend this, Reviewed in the United Kingdom on April 22, 2019. Out of this meeting, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee formed and for a time, worked closely with the SCLC. 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