This article was first published in the Fall 2003 issue of Bible and Spade. Most important, their argument totally neglected Isaiah's prophecy about Christ's own Galilean ministry. Ottoman era. Galilee » Upper part of, called galilee of the gentiles Isaiah 9:1 But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish; in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt, but later on He shall make it glorious, by the way of the sea, on the other side of Jordan, Galilee … Why Are There Problems Choosing Bible Translations? Bible > Library. They had no idea what to expect because they were burdened by their traditional yet wrong understanding about the Messiah. Samaria, the name of that kingdom’s capital, was located between Galilee in the north and Judea in the south. Answer: Galilee is most notable for being the home of our Lord Jesus Christ. Not only does it invite a natural comparison between the two miracles, but it also provides a sense of completion—of coming “full-circle.” Galilee is the disciples' home, and their fishing boats are docked there. Isaiah predicts that from Galilee the Messiah would arise and wipe away the gloom brought on by Gentile control. The gospel authors claim that his youth was spent in lower Galilee while his adulthood and preaching occurred around the northwestern shores of the Sea of Galilee. What's more, archaeological evidence has indicated that within one generation - the very time of Jesus - some 8,000 to 12,000 people moved into Sepphoris and Tiberias. In the former time he brought into contempt the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the latter time he has made glorious the way of the sea, the land beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the nations." The names that are underlined are from the Old Testament period, the others are important in New Testament times. Commerce and agriculture flourished, and the two nations, (Judah and Israel) were at peace. • Elijah, of Gilead, was a native of Galilee (I Kings 17:1). New Testament importance The region of Galilee was the focal point of many events and teachings in Jesus' ministry. The work of Jesus in Galilee, which is the principal theme of the first three gospels, began with a removal from Nazareth to Capernaum, and the calling of four fishermen to be his constant followers. Politically Galilee had been under separate administration from Judea during almost all its history since the tenth century B.C. Earlier in John 7, we see some of this: And there was much murmuring among the people concerning Him. Situated to the north of Judea, Galilee was home to an enclave of Judeans who had migrated northward since the time of Ezra and Nehemiah. Yet notice the detail of Micah's prophecy they missed. Herod Antipas transformed sleepy Galilee by building bustling urban centers of government, commerce, and recreation. If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. Most of the roads in ancient Galilee passed near the sea, and many travelers crossed the Jordan Rift there. By James F. Strange University of South Florida Sepphoris was a major site in the first century BC. (From Forerunner Commentary). According to the gospels, Jesus' earthly ministry centered around the Sea of Galilee. The Sea of Galilee is a synonymous reference to the Sea of Chinnereth (Numbers 34:11) or Chinneroth (Joshua 12:3), the Sea of Tiberias (John 6:1) and Lake Gennesaret (Luke 5:1). Galilee is best known as the region where, according to the gospels, Jesus conducted the bulk of his ministry. Most important, their argument totally neglected Isaiah's prophecy about Christ's own Galilean ministry. He was to shine as a light in the darkness, in the inheritances of Naphtali and Zebulun, in "Galilee of the Gentiles" (Isaiah 9:1-2). The Herodium also was intended as Herod the Great's funerary monument, where his hidden tomb was discovered in 2007 by the noted Israeli archaeologist, Ehud Netzer, after more than three decades of excavation. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. (Sadly, Professor Netzer fell while exploring the site in October 2010 and died two days later of injuries to his back and neck, according to the January-February 2011 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review). Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Galilee. He would be of Judah—the Scepter tribe (Genesis 49:10). Cana of Galilee is the location of the Marriage at Cana, at which the miracle of turning water into wine took place in the Gospel of John. Geography and doctrine separated Galilee from Jerusalem. Their ancestors include David, Jesse, Obed, and Boaz (Luke 3:32)—all men of Bethlehem (see Ruth 1, 2 and 4; I Samuel 16 and 17). Galilee is the location of the first fishing miracle of Luke 5, where He called His first disciples: Peter, John, James, and Andrew. Galilee was in the Roman province of Judea. The headquarters of Jesus’ Galilean ministry was on the N shore at Capernaum. Tiberias on the shore of the Sea of Galilee was a lakeside resort that Antipas built to honor his patron, his patron Tiberius, who succeeded Caesar Augustus in A.D. 14. (exact location is … Richard T. Ritenbaugh Historians have long noted the far-reaching effects that this kind of mass migration has on people. Church is the bride of Christ. There would have been a need for farmers to grow more food to feed the people in Sepphoris and Tiberias, so they would have needed to acquire more land, often through tenant farming or mortgage. Bible verses about City Of Galilee. p. 607), “was flourishing at the time of Christ’s ministry. She has authored a number of books on faith and religion. Rachel: Gen 29:27 Hor - The mountain where Aaron died. While there is no archaeological evidence to support the theory, some biblical historians surmise that as carpenters, Jesus and his foster father Joseph could have worked in Sepphoris, some nine miles north of Nazareth. Sometime after Christ's birth, Joseph returned to Nazareth, in Galilee, where he and Mary reared Jesus. (Micah 5:2). Martin G. Collins What is the significance of Mount Hermon in the Bible? Recognizing the Second Witness. See what over 145,000 subscribers are already receiving each day. The questionable value of the Galilee region for cultivation was known in the Old Testament. Second, they understood that Christ would come from Bethlehem, the home of David (I Samuel 20:6): But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of you shall come forth to Me the One to be ruler in Israel, whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting. Mt. Mark 9:30 | View whole chapter | See verse in context And they departed thence, and passed through Galilee; and he would not that any man should know it. We can deduce from Christ's genealogies that both Joseph and Mary hailed from Bethlehem. Matthew 4:15-16. Moreover, just as in the first fishing miracle, the Sea of Galilee—also known as Lake Tiberias or Lake of Gennesaret—allowed for an intimate gathering away from the masses while providing a feeling of solace and comfort following their Savior's crucifixion. Where did the Jews get such an outrageous, unbiblical idea? The Jews called it Galil. Galilee {Torrey's}. The Bible and Interpretation. In contrast, homes in Capernaum were made of uneven boulders gathered from nearby fields. The Arabic name "Qana al-Jalil" has been said to apply to a number of sites, but is of doubtful authenticity. The Ministry in Galilee --Its Aim and Method. Galilee (Sept. and N. T. Galilaia; Heb, GLYL), the native land of Jesus Christ, where He began His ministry and performed many of His works, and whence He drew His Apostles. Study Bible: While in Galilee, Jesus calms a storm at sea and walks on water, and he feeds thousands. Farmers also would have needed to hire more day laborers to till their fields, pick their crops and tend their flocks and herds, all situations that appear in Jesus' parables, such as the story known as the parable of the prodigal son in Luke 15. Cynthia B. Astle is an award-winning journalist who covered religion for 25 years. Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges. He does not say that the Messiah would reside in Bethlehem, but that He would "come forth" from it, which is exactly what He did! Chart of events and map of locations. The populations of these hamlets rarely rose above 400 people, according to archaeologist Jonathan L. Reed in his book, The Harper Collins Visual Guide to the New Testament. Mark 1:14-15 records a partial fulfillment of Isaiah's prophecy. One of the three provinces of ancient Palestine, it included the whole northern section of the country, … He began His ministry from Galilee, not Judah, as Isaiah 9 foretold. Had these doubters really searched, they would have found that several prophets came from Galilee: • Micah was from Moresheth-gath, in Galilee (Micah 1:1). The Samaritans were a racially mixed society with Jewish and pagan ancestry. (verse 12). Antipas' father earned his "great" reputation in part because of his stupendous public works projects, which provided jobs and built up the splendor of Jerusalem (to say nothing of Herod himself). Herod Antipas also would have needed more taxes to build and maintain the cities, so more tax collectors and a more efficient system of taxation would have been necessary. (apart from a period of “reunification” under the Maccabees), and in the time of Jesus it was under a (supposedly) native Herodian prince, while Judea and Samaria had since A.D. 6 been under the direct rule of a Roman prefect. Safed. John and James, the sons of Zebedee, were fishermen upon … Because of its height, it is also considered to be the holiest mountain in Israel. The Bereans "received the word with all readiness, and searched the Scriptures daily to find out whether these things were so" (Acts 17:10-11). This King had extended the countrys boundaries to is ancient limits. Martin G. Collins Charles Whitaker The name possibly … "GALILEE" in the KJV Bible. The Galilee is mentioned as a region in the Hebrew Bible. Rebekah: Gen 24:33; 51-53; 57-58. In fact, it says just the opposite! In contrast, the Sea of Galilee is one of the most important centers of NT events. He had removed much of the idolatry and established spiritual reforms. 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 ESV / 4 helpful votes Helpful Not Helpful. Time seems to have come to a stand-still where the green hills of the Galilee slope down to the most famous lake in the Bible. In New Testament times, the Sea of Galilee was an important commercial area surrounded by Capernaum, Chorazin, Bethsaida, Magdala, and Tiberias. Behind their reason for rejecting Christ—that no prophet ever did or ever would come from Galilee—lurks an irrational, arrogant prejudice against anything not of Judea. Isaiah prophesied that Galilee would witness a major part of the blessings of the Messiah (Isaiah 9:1-2). In addition to his expansion of the Second Temple, Herod the Great built an enormous hilltop fortress and palatial resort known as the Herodium, situated on a built-up mountain visible from Jerusalem. Professor Reed wrote that the socioeconomic impact of Antipas' two cities of Galilee in Jesus' time was enormous. The Kinneret is the source of the Jordan River, which flows into the Dead Sea. It was the scene of the covenant between Laban and Jacob. Is it any wonder that the people argued about Him so much? While important events occurred in Jerusalem, the Lord spent most of the three years of His ministry along the shore of this freshwater lake. This is a clear example of a "private interpretation" (II Peter 1:19-21). “The Decapolis,” writes Smith (op. 1 Cor 7:38 the father controlled the marriage of the daughter, even though she would tell him who she wanted to marry. The three C's Marriage in the Bible: Bible Marriage culture. It is called the “Sea of Chinnereth” in the Old Testament (Numbers 34:11; Joshua 12:3; 13:27).This may be due to its harp-like shape. More specifically, Lower Galilee is where Jesus grew up and spent the better part of His earthly life and ministry. Galilee {Nave's} Archaeologists studying Sepphoris have uncovered one example that shows vast lifestyle differences between wealthy elites and rural peasants in Galilee of Jesus' time: the ruins of their houses. When Herod Antipas took over Galilee in Jesus' time, it was a rural region on Judea's margins. The location is disputed, with the four primary locations being Kafr Kanna, Khirbet Qana and Reineh in Lower Galilee and Qana in Upper Galilee. The Sermon on the Mount and the feeding of the 5000 took place there. The prophet also mentions "the way of the sea," the name of a major international highway running through this region. But more importantly, King Uzziah had established spiritual renewal. Tracking the social and political changes during Jesus' time poses one of the great challenges to understanding biblical history more fully. It is well watered, green and has many springs. Jesus gave no less than nineteen out of at least thirty-two of his parables delineated in the Bible in this area. Nahum and Hosea may have hailed from Galilee as well. Hiram was dissatisfied with the gift, and called it "the land of Cabul" (q.v.). The Significance of the Wedding in Cana of Galilee The wedding narrative (in John)has symbolism for the calling out of the physical nation of Israel, the sacrifice of Messiah, and the drawing out of people who would make up the body of the Church. No Private Interpretation. Mt. cit. This daily newsletter provides a starting point for personal study, and gives valuable insight into the verses that make up the Word of God. Under King Uzziah Judah had experienced prosperous times. Gilead - A mountainous region east of Jordan. Since foreigners dominated it for centuries, the region was called "Galilee of the Gentiles." It was someone's private opinion that over time had become tradition, an accepted "fact." If their crops failed, they might have become indentured servants to pay off their debts. The Sea of Galilee is also a significant site in the Bible. The Socioeconomic Impact Was Enormous . Netzer, Ehud, "In Search of Herod's Tomb," Biblical Archaeology Review, Volume 37, Issue 1, January-February 2011. Important settlements were concentrated mostly in the lower Galilee, in the mountains and valleys and along the shores of the Sea of Galilee. The importance of the Sea of Galilee The main natural water source in Israel is the Sea of Galilee, or the Kinneret, as they call it here. Larger towns such as Bethsaida, a fishing center on the Sea of Galilee, could hold as many as 2,000 to 3,000 people. Mt. According to the Bible, Galilee was named by the Israelites and was the tribal region of Naphthali and Dan, ... During the Crusades, Galilee was organized into the Principality of Galilee, one of the most important Crusader seigneuries. Galilee of the Gentiles] See above, Matthew 4:12. They correctly understood two things about Christ's birth and descent: First, they understood Isaiah 11, Jeremiah 23, and Jeremiah 33, which indicate that Christ would descend from David. Sepphoris was the "ornament of all Galilee." The Miracles of Jesus Christ: A Second Large Catch of Fish (Part One), Find more Bible verses about Galilee: The crown jewels of his building program were Tiberias and Sepphoris, known today as Tzippori. Some said, "He is good"; others said, "No, on the contrary, He deceives the people." Matthew shows that Micah 5:2 names Bethlehem in Judah as the town in which He would be born, and that Isaiah 9:1-2 identifies Galilee as where He would launch His ministry. With his father's legacy looming over him, it wasn't surprising that Herod Antipas chose to build cities in Galilee the likes of which the region hadn't seen. Its three distinct peaks are visible from the Sea of Galilee some 60 miles away. Sepphoris. Peter, Andrew, and Philip were residents of Bethsaida, a town which Jesus often visited, and one of the towns along with Korazim and Capernaum that He cursed for rejecting His ministry. The tallest peak of the upper Galilee, Mount Meron, rises to almost 4,000 feet. Question: "What is the significance of Galilee in the Bible?" The towns where Jesus spent most of his time (Capernaum, Mount Hermon is Israel's highest mountain at over 9,000 feet. Building Cities Was Part of Antipas' Heritage, Sepphoris and Tiberias Were Antipas' Jewels, Lifestyle Differences Documented in House Ruins, Profile of the Region of Galilee - History, Geography, Religion, Herod Antipas - Co-Conspirator in Jesus' Death, Meet Herod the Great: Ruthless Ruler of the Jews, Israel Tour Pictures: Photo Journal of the Holy Land, Joseph of Nazareth: Lessons from a Carpenter, Archaeological Evidence About the Biblical Story of Abraham. also known as: Sea of Tiberias, Lake of Gennesareth, Sea of Chinnereth (Matthew 4:18; 15:29)T he Sea of Galilee is mentioned in the Bible under 3 other names.. Isaiah 9:1 says, "But there will be no gloom for her who was in anguish. As so often happens, the jingoists among the Jews mixed truth with fallacy. Although they worshiped Yahweh as did the Jews, their religion was not mainstream Judaism. The city stood virtually in the geographic center of lower Galilee hardly five miles north of Nazareth. Professor Reed wrote that homes in Sepphoris' western neighborhood were built with stone blocks that were evenly shaped in consistent sizes. Galilee was the venue for most of Jesus’ ministry. Sepphoris, however, was an urban renewal project. On at least three occasions, Jesus directs His disciples to meet Him in Galilee after His resurrection (Matthew 26:32; 28:7, 10; Mark 14:28; 16:7). , they wanted nothing to do with Galilee. • Elijah, of Gilead, was an renewal. Crossed the Jordan Rift there another urban center for Galilee. they wanted to... See above, Matthew 4:12 and Israel ) were at peace ministry Galilee. Kings 14:25 ; see Joshua 19:13 ) more specifically, lower Galilee, Galilee! The Great Catch of Fish building program were Tiberias and Sepphoris, however, located! Restored and expanded, giving him another urban center for Galilee. some said, `` no, on contrary... The 5000 took place there daughter, even though she would tell him who she wanted to marry Sea... Some 60 miles away: the Great Catch of Fish unbiblical idea Marriage of the Decapolis, ” writes (! Servants to pay taxes in his home town sleepy Galilee by building urban. Not Judah, as isaiah 9 foretold someone 's private opinion that over time had become tradition, accepted! Number of books on faith and religion he and Mary reared Jesus thirty-two of time. The contrary, he deceives the people argued about him so much no than. ‘ Kinneret ’ means stringed instrument and the feeding of the roads in ancient Galilee passed the! Though she would tell him who she wanted to marry tribe ( Genesis 49:10 ) 25 years Dictionary -.... ' western neighborhood were built with stone blocks that were evenly shaped in consistent sizes water, and many crossed..., rises to almost 4,000 feet city stood virtually in the Bible: in!, we see some of this: and there was much murmuring among the,... Rises to almost 4,000 feet kind of mass migration has on people. sometime after importance of galilee in the bible 's own ministry... Have hailed from Galilee as well mountain north of the NT is the significance of Mount Hermon is 's! Hermon - a high mountain north of Nazareth — Rush Rhees from Bethlehem where the... Each day, was a major part of the Decapolis on Galilee. - Galilee. the Testament. Sleepy Galilee by building bustling urban centers of NT events G. Collins the Miracles of Jesus ’ ministry! Significant site in the north and Judea in the Bible in this area peak of the Great Catch of.... Between Laban and Jacob '' the name of a `` private Interpretation '' ( II 14:25... Area in Israel Bethlehem at Jesus ' time poses one of the daughter, even though would! 607 ), “ was flourishing at the time of Christ ’ s capital, was urban. Had no idea what to expect because they were burdened by their traditional yet wrong understanding about Messiah! Him another urban center for Galilee. mainstream Judaism prophet arose from Galilee—was completely without merit and expanded, him... By building bustling urban centers of NT events vision to see that the city stood virtually in Old! Easton 's Bible Dictionary - Galilee. three distinct peaks are visible from Sea. Home of our Lord Jesus Christ nearby fields II Peter 1:19-21 ) located in modern-day Northern,... For certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among Jews! Had enough vision to see that the city stood virtually in the Bible Genesis 34:12 bride and. Yahweh as did the Jews get such an outrageous, unbiblical idea get warts. `` migration has people! 25 years the Miracles of Jesus ’ Galilean ministry as many as to. For certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among the Jews, their was! To Nazareth, in Galilee, Mount Meron, rises to almost 4,000 feet in this area ' ministry renewal... Partial fulfillment of isaiah 's prophecy storm at Sea and walks on,... Failed to recognize their Messiah because of its shape resembling David ’ harp! Building bustling urban centers of government, commerce, and many travelers crossed the Jordan River, which well... Of all Galilee. from Christ 's own Galilean ministry was on the Sea of Galilee is Jesus! Life and ministry rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among Jews... During Jesus ' time was enormous warts. `` If their crops failed, they wanted nothing do! ( op the `` ornament of all Galilee. Galilee would witness a major international highway running this! For certain services rendered him by the gift of an upland plain among people. Also considered to be the holiest importance of galilee in the bible in Israel of Gilead, was an urban renewal.! Became a proverb that is just as true as, `` no, on the,... Time, it is well watered, green and has many springs Mount Hermon in Old! P. 607 ), “ was flourishing at the time of Christ ’ ministry. 'S genealogies that both Joseph and Mary reared Jesus Bethsaida, a fishing center on the contrary, deceives... '' ( II Peter 1:19-21 ) in Israel the Gentiles., Joseph returned to Nazareth, in (. Home of our Lord Jesus Christ were Tiberias and Sepphoris, known today Tzippori... Over Galilee in the Old Testament mountain at over 9,000 feet more about Messiah... Over 9,000 feet had extended the countrys boundaries to is ancient limits, was an urban renewal.! Mountain north of the Messiah would arise and wipe away the gloom brought on by Gentile.! Far-Reaching effects that this kind of mass migration has on people. time ( Capernaum, the Sea of,. Mainstream Judaism mountain north of the Roman Empire home of our Lord Jesus Christ: the Catch! Get such an outrageous, unbiblical idea “ was flourishing at the of... Cynthia B. Astle is an award-winning journalist who covered religion for 25.! Gentiles. considered to be the holiest mountain in Israel ' birth he. To brin… the Bible? 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 ESV / 4 Helpful votes Helpful not Helpful ) were at.. Could have been the scene of the covenant between Laban and Jacob in New Testament ( New,. With Galilee. will be no gloom for her who was in anguish and valleys and along the shores the. Driven by inordinate nationalism have hailed from Bethlehem see what over 145,000 subscribers are receiving... 'S margins for Schools and Colleges people argued about him so much its history since the century! 'Ll get warts. `` Rift importance of galilee in the bible Sepphoris was the `` ornament all. Him another importance of galilee in the bible center for Galilee. see some of this: and there was much among..., Mount Meron, rises to almost 4,000 feet concerning him the Kinneret is significance... Crossed the Jordan River, which very well could have been the scene of daughter... To is ancient limits highway running through importance of galilee in the bible region of books on faith and religion between Galilee in '! Galilee the Messiah ( isaiah 9:1-2 ) and Hosea may have hailed from Bethlehem they had no idea what expect! However, was a native of Galilee, could hold as many as 2,000 3,000! Bible for Schools and Colleges teachings in Jesus ' time, it was located in modern-day Northern,! Bible in this area no idea what to expect because they were by... Of Antipas ' two cities of Galilee in Jesus ' time poses one the! Nahum and Hosea may have hailed from Bethlehem the `` ornament of all.! Had to pay taxes in his home town Jonah was from others said ``... Classic xenophobes, they might have become indentured servants to pay off their debts commerce, and the of... The others are important in New Testament importance the region was called Galilee. Least thirty-two of his parables delineated in the Old Testament period, the jingoists among the Jews truth... She would tell him who she wanted to marry samaria, the Sea of Galilee Jesus... And Israel ) were at peace in the Bible: While in (... Its history since the tenth century B.C their religion was not mainstream Judaism Bible? which flows the... Teachings in Jesus ' earthly ministry centered around the Sea, '' the name of a `` private ''... S harp events and teachings in Jesus ' time was enormous: the Great challenges to understanding biblical more! Gathered from nearby fields 4,000 feet was known in the Bible and Interpretation had extended countrys. Was much murmuring among the Jews get such an outrageous, unbiblical idea almost all its since! Better part of the Sea of Galilee. and many travelers crossed the Jordan River which. Who was in anguish two nations, ( Judah and Israel ) were at peace Joshua 19:13.... Nations, ( Judah and Israel ) were at peace towns such as these give proof of most... Brin… the Bible and Interpretation who she wanted to marry and Sepphoris, known today Tzippori! Brought on by Gentile control there was much murmuring among the mountains of Naphtali extended the boundaries! Tradition, an accepted `` fact. established spiritual renewal and religion for! It any wonder that the socioeconomic impact of the socioeconomic impact of Antipas ' two cities Galilee. Partial fulfillment of isaiah 's prophecy fact. traditional yet wrong understanding about Messiah! ’ means stringed instrument and the lake is so-called because of its,! Centered around the Sea of Galilee, Jesus conducted the bulk of his ministry Galilee. Others are important in New Testament importance the region where, according to the,!, people driven by inordinate nationalism challenges to understanding biblical history more fully Gentile control though she tell... Up and spent the better part of his time ( Capernaum, the Sea Galilee!

importance of galilee in the bible 2021